In December 2007, a Lake County Common Pleas Court judge issued a landmark decision holding, among other things, that an owner of real estate that touches Lake Erie owns title extending as far as the water’s edge. State ex rel. Merrill v. Ohio Dept. of Natural Resources (2007), Lake County Common Pleas Case No. 04CV001080. Lake County is one of eight Ohio counties which contain Lake Erie shoreline.

On August 21, 2009, the Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Appellate District affirmed that holding in State ex rel. Merrill v. Ohio Dept. of Natural Resources, 2009-Ohio-4256. In particular, the Court of Appeals determined “that the waters and submerged bed of Lake Erie when under such waters is controlled by the state and held in public trust, while the littoral owner takes fee only to the water’s edge.” 2009-Ohio-4256 at ¶129. The Court of Appeals reasoned that “[t]he water’s edge provides a readily discernible boundary for both the public and littoral landowners.” 2009-Ohio-4256 at ¶128. The actual water’s edge, or shoreline, is the line of contact of a body of water and the land between the high and low water marks. 2009-Ohio-4256 at ¶¶97 and 127. 


In reaching its decision, the Court of Appeals reviewed appeals by environmental organizations representing members who make recreational use of the shores of Lake Erie, and cross-appeals by individual landowners and a non-profit corporation representing owners of littoral property on Lake Erie. In an interesting twist, the Court of Appeals found that the attorney general lacked the authority to pursue an appeal on his own behalf and ordered the state of Ohio’s assignments of error and briefs stricken.


The Court of Appeals did vacate that part of the trial court’s decision whereby the trial court attempted to reform any deed granting to its owner land extending lakeward of the water’s edge. The Court of Appeals found the issue of reforming the deeds was not before the trial court and, therefore, the parties had not been afforded the opportunity to argue their positions. 2009-Ohio-4256 at ¶103.


Any party wishing to appeal the decision must file a notice of appeal to the Supreme Court within 45 days from the entry of the Court of Appeal’s judgment.